Chess is a board game of strategic skill for two players, played on a board containing 64 squares of alternating colors, on which each playing piece is moved according to precise rules. The object is to put the opponent’s king under a direct attack from which escape is impossible.

Each player has 16 pieces: 1 king, 1 queen, 2 rooks, 2 bishops, 2 knights, and 8 pawns.

The queen has 9 points and is the second most valuable piece. The rook has 5 points, each bishop is 3 points and so is a knight. A pawn is 1 point.


The value of the king is infinite, since the object of the game is to keep it safe at all costs. It can only move one square in every direction. The only exception is a move called the castle, in which it moves two squares and exchanges position with the rook.


The queen is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally. Each player starts the game with one queen, placed in the middle of the first rank next to the king.


The rook moves horizontally or vertically, through any number of unoccupied squares.


The Bishop can move diagonally, all the way until it meets an obstacle.


The knight move is unusual among chess pieces. It moves to a square that is two squares away horizontally and one square vertically, or two squares vertically and one square horizontally. It is also the only piece that can jump over other pieces in its path.


Although a pawn only moves one square forward, it captures by talking one square diagonally forward. However when it is at the starting position, it can move two squares forward. When a pawn progressed along the length of the chessboard and reaches the last row (on the opponents side), it can be exchanged for a piece of a higher value.